Japan's monster quake: Do scientists have key to decode future tremblors? The size of circles and stars is scaled with the earthquake … Since postseismic adjustments that occur in the several years after the megathrust earthquake are governed by both viscoelastic relaxation and afterslip (e.g., Lubis et al. PhD Thesis, Univ Tokyo, Suito H, Nishimura T, Tobita M, Imakiire T, Ozawa S (2011) Interplate fault slip along the Japan Trench before the occurrence of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake as inferred from GPS data. Nankai megathrust earthquakes: | |Nankai megathrust earthquakes| are great |megathrust earthquakes| that occur along ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Initial Rep Deep Sea Drill Proj 56/57:489–503, Nishimura T (2014) Pre-, co-, and post-seismic deformation of the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake and its implication to a paradox in short-term and long-term deformation. Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake", "Energy and resilience: The effects of endogenous interdependencies on trade network formation across space among major Japanese firms", Fault that Caused Japan's 2011 Earthquake is Thin and Slippery. Crustal deformation by the M w 9.0 megathrust Tohoku earthquake causes the extension over a wide region of the Japanese mainland. Slow-slip events occurred every 1 to 6 years and frequently were correlated with large earthquakes, including the great 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake. The Oct. 28, 1707 Hōei earthquake struck south-central Japan at 2 p.m. local time. e e 2015; Freed et al. Metadata Geophys Res Lett 43:4971-4978. doi:10.1002/2016GL068113, Nasu N, von Huene R, Ishiwada Y, Langseth M, Bruns T, Honza E (1980) Interpretation of multichannel seismic reflection data, Legs 56 and 57, Japan Trench transect, deep sea drilling project. The number of confirmed deaths is 15,894 as of June 10, 2016, according to the reconstruction agency. At the time, it was the largest earthquake in Japanese history. Also, lithospheric thinning due to the high temperature beneath volcanoes would be important, which could cause stress concentration and localized deformation (Shibazaki et al. This is an aerial view of damage to Sukuiso, Japan, a week after the earthquake and subsequent tsunami devastated the area in March, 2011. Hashima, A., Sato, T. A megathrust earthquake cycle model for Northeast Japan: bridging the mismatch between geological uplift and geodetic subsidence. Nishikawa et al. Ihara, Ryusuke. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Terms and Conditions, LUO-DISSERTATION-2018.pdf (4.694Mb) Date 2018-11-05. GNS scientist Ursula Cochran said the effects of a quake on the Hikurangi subduction zone could be devastating. If that were a lottery, most people would play the odds. Japan Tsunami: Hundreds of Species Hitchhiked to U.S. on Plastic Debris After Megathrust Earthquake By Meghan Bartels On 09/28/17 at 2:20 PM EDT Evaluating Dynamic, Regional, and Economic Impacts of the Tokai Earthquake. Geophys Res Lett 38:L19307. Mem Geol Soc Japan 32:257–268, Sato H (1994) The relationship between late Cenozoic tectonic events and stress field and basin development in northeast Japan. Tectonophysics 97:183–200, Koike K, Machida H (2001) Atlas of Quaternary marine terraces in the Japanese Islands (in Japanese). doi:10.1029/2011JB008355, Otofuji Y, Matsuda T, Nohda S (1985) Opening mode of the Japan Sea inferred from the palaeomagnetism of the Japan Arc. J Geophys Res 93:6410–6418, Sato T, Matsu’ura M (1993) A kinematic model for evolution of island arc-trench systems. Yes! A Hikurangi megathrust quake the same strength as the one that hit Japan would release more than 11,000 times the energy of the 2011 Christchurch quake. (duration of tectonic erosion), this effect can explain about half of the observed data. Baba AK, Matsuda T, Itaya T, Wada Y, Hori N, Yokoyama M, Eto N, Kamei R, Zaman H, Kidane T, Otofuji Y (2007) New age constraints on counter-clockwise rotation of NE Japan. Here we report on a previously unrecognized quasi-periodic slow-slip behavior that is widespread in the megathrust zone. Earthquake distribution around Japan (1960-2011) Monitoring of Earthquakes and Provision of Information To monitor earthquakes, JMA operates an earthquake observation network comprised of about 200 seismographs and 600 seismic intensity meters. J Geograph Surv Inst 96:23–37, Lubis AM, Hashima A, Sato T (2013) Analysis of afterslip distribution following the 2007 September 12 southern Sumatra earthquake using poroelastic and viscoelastic media. (2008) discussed, this shortfall may be due to indirect effects such as crustal thickening due to horizontal shortening and possible magmatic underplating, which expectedly causes uplift (e.g., Tajikara 2004; Ikeda 2014). Fig. Yumi Amemiya digitized the Quaternary uplift data in NE Japan. These interplate earthquakes are the planet's most powerful, with moment magnitudes that can exceed 9.0. We would like to thank Editor Masato Furuya and two anonymous reviewers. 2010 Mw 8.8 Chile Earthquake Uchida et al. A combination of … A massive megathrust earthquake off the coast of B.C. The 2011 M w 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake and tsunami were remarkable in many regards, including the rupturing of shallow trench sediments with huge associated slip (see the Perspective by [ Wang and Kinoshita ][1]). Cascadia Subduction Zone where the last megathrust earthquake occurred on January 26, 1700 USGS. Large interplate megathrust earthquakes occurred in the Nankai subduction zone off Southwest Japan with an interval of ~100 to 150 years. J Geophys Res 117:B01404. Spatial Economic Modelling Of Megathrust Earthquake In Japan è un libro di Tokunaga Suminori (Curatore), Resosudarmo Budy P. (Curatore) edito da Springer a dicembre 2018 - EAN 9789811348907: puoi acquistarlo sul … 5). GNS scientist Ursula Cochran said the effects of a quake on the Hikurangi subduction zone … The 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku (Japanese: 東北地方太平洋沖地震, Hepburn: Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin) was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicenter approximately 70 kilometers (43 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately 29 km (18 mi). "-Did you hear the 2011 earthquake? 2016). Another possibility might be plastic deformation within the lithosphere during the interseismic stage that accumulates over multiple earthquake cycles (van Dinther et al. 期評価(第二版)について", "Japan earthquake shifted Earth on its axis", "Prompt gravity signal induced by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake", "How do supply chain networks affect the resilience of firms to natural disasters? J Geophys Res 111:B04402. AH performed the computations and prepared the manuscript. Pages 289-311. I have heard people say, "You can hear an earthquake before you feel it. "What Have Religious Groups Done After 3.11? Pages 259-287. Megathrust earthquakes occur at subduction zones at destructive convergent plate boundaries, where one tectonic plate is forced underneath another. By using this website, you agree to our Correspondence to doi:10.1002/2013JB010380, von Huene R, Lallemand S (1990) Tectonic erosion along the Japan and Peru convergent margins. Pages in category "Megathrust earthquakes in Japan" The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total. Deadliest natural disaster The deadliest natural disaster occurred in the Indian Ocean on the day after Christmas in 2004. Takuya Nishimura kindly provided us the leveling data. For simplification, this model does not account for afterslip. Pure Appl Geophys 165:567–583. ‎This book presents an evaluation of the impacts of megathrust earthquakes and tsunamis on regional economies and subsequent reconstruction, as well as regional revitalization by the spatial economic model and dynamic macro and regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) models. Preview. Paleo-earthquakes along the Cascadia subduction zone inferred from o shore sediments and Japan coastal tsunami deposits approximated to M9+ and ruptured the entire margin. Analyzes the impacts of the Great East Japan and Nankai megathrust earthquakes using a new economic geography model and shows the predicted labor distribution Analyzes the economic impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami generated by the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake of 2004 and assesses the subsequent disaster management process A "megathrust" earthquake could release 2000 times more energy than the 2011 Christchurch earthquake that killed 185 people. We are grateful to Anne D. Van Horne for her constructive comments and grammatical correction. Wednesday, October 28th 2020, 6:00 am - The Oct. 28, 1707 Hōei earthquake struck south-central Japan at 2 p.m. local time. J Geophys Res 109:B07307. To explain this mismatch between different periods, we modeled the entire megathrust earthquake cycle in the Northeast Japan arc … Abstract. statement and The study constructs three models of these megathrust earthquakes and the associated tsunami. Geophys J Int 192:18–37, Matsu’ura M, Sato T (1989) A dislocation model for the earthquake cycle at convergent plate boundaries. ), keeping consistency with the coseismic and long-term constraints (Fig. More than 2,500 people are still reported missing.Less than an hour after the earthquake, the first of many tsunami waves hit Japan's coastline. Below are results from two recent megathrust earthquakes: the February 27, 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake (Figure 1) and the March 11, 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku, Japan earthquake (Figure 2). Part 1: A Brief Survey of Religious Mobilization after the Great East Japan Earthquake Disasters". Geophys J Int 173:189–204, Sagiya T (2015) Paradoxical vertical crustal movement along the Pacific coast of northeast Japan. Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Yayoi 1-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0032, Japan, Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, Chiba, 263-8522, Japan, You can also search for this author in Earth Planets Space 63:615–619. J Geophys Res 113:B08415. More infomation. The red and blue colors denote low and high velocities, respectively. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. The frequency is irregular, some occurring 200 years apart, others biding their time for 800 years, but they are inevitable. Luo, Bin. Science 313:1281–1284, Shibazaki B, Garatani K, Iwasaki T, Tanaka A, Ito Y (2008) Faulting processes controlled by the nonuniform thermal structure of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the northeastern Japanese island arc. J Geogr 104:809–826. Geophys Res Lett 39:L21309. In northeastern Japan, aseismic slip occurs in the form of decelerating afterslip after large interplate earthquakes and as relatively steady slip on uncoupled areas of the subduction thrust. J Geod Soc Jpn 17:100–108, DeMets C, Gordon RG, Argus DF, Stein S (1994) Effect of recent revisions to the geomagnetic reversal time scale on estimates of current plate motions. , and v J Geophys Res 121:3099–3117. Nature 317:603–604, Pollitz F, Banerjee P, Grijalva K, Nagarajan B, Bürgmann R (2008) Effect of 3-D viscoelastic structure on post-seismic relaxation from the 2004 M = 9.2 Sumatra earthquake. That’s right. doi:10.1002/2015JB012664, Shikakura Y (2008) Numerical simulation with a finite element method for the development of mechanical and thermal structure in subduction zones. A report, released last week, looked into New Zealand’s worst ever megathrust earthquake, which occurred in the town of Kaikōura on the nation’s South Island in November 2016. The Japan Trench Fast Drilling Project rapid response drilling expedition sought to sample and monitor the … Author. Geophys J Int 114:512–530, Savage JC, Prescott WH (1978) Asthenospheric readjustment and the earthquake cycle. Spatial Economic Modelling Of Megathrust Earthquake In Japan è un libro di Tokunaga Suminori (Curatore), Resosudarmo Budy P. (Curatore) edito da Springer a gennaio 2018 - EAN 9789811064920: puoi acquistarlo sul sito HOEPLI.it, la … Encontre diversos livros escritos por Tokunaga, Suminori, … Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Japan earthquake and tsunami, severe natural disaster that occurred in northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011, and killed at least 20,000 people. Chikyu Monthly 25:125–129, Ikeda Y (2014) Strain buildup in the Northeast Japan orogen with implications for gigantic subduction earthquakes. It was one of the largest in earth’s h… An NEG Analysis of Megathrust Earthquakes in Japan. $$\Delta u\left( {\varvec{x},t} \right) = - v_{pl} T_{e} v_{e} t\frac{\text{d}}{{{\text{d}}\varvec{x}}}u_{\text{s}}^{E} \left( \varvec{x} \right) - v_{pl} tu_{p}^{E} \left( \varvec{x} \right) + v_{pl} T\mathop \sum \limits_{k = 0}^{\infty } \left[ {u_{p} \left( {\varvec{x},kT + t} \right) - u_{p} \left( {\varvec{x},kT} \right)} \right]\quad (0 \le t < T)$$, $$u_{\text{s}}^{E} \left( \varvec{x} \right) \equiv \mathop \int \limits_{\varSigma } q^{E} \left( {\varvec{x};\varvec{x'}} \right){\text{d}}\varvec{x'}, u_{p}^{E} \left( \varvec{x} \right) \equiv \mathop \int \limits_{{\varSigma_{P} }} q^{E} \left( {\varvec{x};\varvec{x'}} \right){\text{d}}\varvec{x'}, u_{p} \left( {\varvec{x},t} \right) \equiv \mathop \int \limits_{{\varSigma_{P} }} q\left( {\varvec{x},t;\varvec{x}',0} \right){\text{d}}\varvec{x}'$$, \(q\left( {\varvec{x},t;\varvec{x}',\tau } \right)\), \(q^{E} \left( {\varvec{x};\varvec{x'}} \right) = q\left( {\varvec{x},t \to \infty ;\varvec{x'},0} \right)\), http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40623-017-0606-6. The Northeast (NE) Japan arc is a typical island arc formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate under the Eurasian plate. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40623-017-0606-6, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40623-017-0606-6. Geophys J Int 176:715–739, van Dinther Y, Gerya TV, Dalguer LA, Mai PM, Morra G, Giardini D (2013) The seismic cycle at subduction thrusts: insights from seismo-thermo-mechanical models. a doi:10.1029/2007JB005361, Shibazaki B, Okada T, Muto J, Matsumoto T, Yoshida T, Yoshida K (2016) Heterogeneous stress state of island arc crust in northeastern Japan affected by hot mantle fingers. A "megathrust" earthquake could release 2000 times more energy than the 2011 Christchurch earthquake that killed 185 people. Earth Planets Space 69, 23 (2017). The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Subduction-zone megathrust earthquakes, the most powerful earthquakes in the world, can produce tsunamis through a variety of structures that are missed by simple models including: fault boundary rupture, deformation of overlying plate, splay faults and landslides. © 2021 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. doi:10.1007/1345_2015_189, Sato H (1989) Degree of deformation of late Cenozoic strata in the Northeast Honshu arc (in Japanese with English abstract). doi:10.5047/eps.2011.06.053, Suwa Y, Miura S, Hasegawa A, Sato T, Tachibana K (2006) Interplate coupling beneath NE Japan inferred from three-dimensional displacement field. The most intriguing piece of evidence came from Japan. These subduction zones are not only responsible for megathrust earthquakes, but are also largely responsible for the volcanic activity associated with the Pacific Ring of Fire. Large earthquakes that hit places such as Japan seem to be preceded by subtle and silent deformation. The last major earthquake to hit our Cascadia Subduction Zone happened 300 years ago in 1700. or T Privacy (C) Observed radiated energy E R versus calculated minimum radiated energy E R_min for 119 global large megathrust earthquakes from 1990 to 2016.Red stars indicate tsunami earthquakes. Quat Res 71:227–238, Mavrommatis AP, Segall P, Johnson KJ (2014) A decadal-scale deformation transient prior to the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-oki earthquake. A megathrust earthquake caused destruction in Japan in 2011. doi:10.1029/2004JB003203, Tajikara M (2004) Vertical crustal movements of the northeast Japan arc in late Quaternary time. The tsunami waves reached run-up heights (how far the wave surges inland above sea level) of up to 128 feet (39 meters) at Miyako city and traveled inland as far as 6 miles (10 km) in Sendai. Geophys Res Lett 42:4795–4800. used new observations from the S-net ocean-bottom seismic network to map slow earthquakes—disturbances that do not cause ground shaking—along the Japan Trench (see the Perspective by Houston). Geophys J Int 96:23–32, Matsu’ura T, Furusawa A, Saomoto H (2008) Late Quaternary uplift rate of the northeastern Japan arc inferred from fluvial terraces. 2008, 2016; Muto et al. Springer Nature. Considering the uncertainty of v One interpretation might be that the western uplift reflects rapid shortening along the western coast (Sato 1989; Okada and Ikeda 2012). Shibusawa, Hiroyuki. BC is the most seismically active place in Canada and due to the locked fault line we’re sitting on we experience a major earthquake every 500-600 years on average. Subduction zone earthquakes A megathrust earthquake occurs in subduction zones at convergent boundaries. [Earthquake and Seismic Intensity Information] Click on the date and time of the earthquake information issuance to see the following details: a) the observed Seismic Intensity (1 and above) and its location and region, b) the date and time of the earthquake, and c) its epicenter and magnitude. 2010 Mw 8.8 Chile Earthquake The cases examined… 2004 Indian Ocean disaster. Southwest Japan is one of the best regions to examine the temporal relation between inland earthquakes and megathrust earthquakes due to the availability of the longest, and most continuous and complete set of historical records of large earthquakes in the world and detailed datasets for the distribution of inland active faults (e.g., Utsu 1990, 2002, 2004; Earthquake … Zisin (J Seismol Soc Japan) 36:541–550, Muto J, Shibazaki B, Iinuma T, Ito Y, Ohta Y, Miura S, Nakai Y (2016) Heterogeneous rheology controlled postseismic deformation of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. 2 Examples of MRFs and REEF. This study was supported by the Special Project for Reducing Vulnerability for Urban Mega-earthquake Disasters and the Integrated Research Project on Seismic and Tsunami hazards around the Sea of Japan. Here we report on a previously unrecognized quasi-periodic slow-slip behavior that is widespread in the megathrust zone. The Japan Trench is responsible for disastrous megathrust earthquakes like the 2011 Tohoku-Oki quake. doi:10.1029/2012GL053692, Sawai Y, Namegaya Y, Tamura T, Nakashima R, Tanigawa K (2015) Shorter intervals between great earthquakes near Sendai: scour ponds and a sand layer attributable to A.D. 1454 overwash. View/ Open. Akinori Hashima. As shown in Fig. The damage pattern would be very different. Around the Pacific Ocean is a horseshoe shaped area that contains subduction zones that create megathrust earthquakes and generate tsunamis. The most intriguing piece of evidence came from Japan. J Disaster Res 9:294–302, Nishimura T, Hirasawa T, Miyazaki S, Sagiya T, Tada T, Miura S, Tanaka K (2004) Temporal change of interplate coupling in northeastern Japan during 1995–2002 estimated from continuous GPS observations. J Geophys Res 83:3369–3376, Sawai Y, Namegaya Y, Okamura Y, Satake K, Shishikura M (2012) Challenges of anticipating the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami using coastal geology. The magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake that struck Japan on 11 March 2011, killing more than 15,000 people and setting off a devastating tsunami that … show that very large (M 8.5+) earthquakes preferentially rupture planar, or flat (low-curvature) megathrust interfaces; they do this highlighting a spatial correlation between the rupture areas of such earthquakes, with the gradient of subduction zone dip (‘flatness’, or ‘planarity’) calculated from the Slab1.0 subduction zone … 2013; Yamagiwa et al. A study reported in 2016 found that the largest megathrust quakes are associated with downgoing slabs with the shallowest dip, so-called "flat slab subduction". Since 1900, all earthquakes of magnitude 9.0 or greater have been megathrust earthquakes Large interplate megathrust earthquakes occurred in the Nankai subduction zone off Southwest Japan with an interval of ~100 to 150 years. All authors contributed to the analysis and writing of the manuscript. A megathrust earthquake caused destruction in Japan in 2011. Megathrust earthquakes are almost exclusive to tectonic subduction zones and are often associated with the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The event began with a powerful earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which initiated a series of large tsunami waves that … Episodes 37:234–245, Kato T (1983) Secular and earthquake-related vertical crustal movements in Japan as deduced from tidal records (1951–1981). So, while the southern boundary of the Tohoku-oki buttress localized the onset of mechanical failure for the main shock of the 2011 Great Earthquake, and the initiation of several past large earthquakes on the East Japan Megathrust, including the 2005 M w ∼7.2 Miyagi Earthquake, this bounding lineament may not exhibit … Earth Planet Sci Lett 459:279–290. It was thought that the maximum magnitude for interplate earthquakes would be M8 based on modern earthquake observation (Yamanaka and Kikuchi 2004), until the M9 2011 Tohoku earthquake occurred.This megathrust rupture reached to the trench with a maximum slip of …