It has various names like golden berries, inca berry and ground berries. Produce Sharing allows you to share your produce discoveries with Gooseberries are in season from May through August, peaking in July. All of these names reveal where the plant comes from: the nightshade plant originates in the Andes in Peru and Chile, but is also cultivated in South Africa — hence the name "Cape gooseberry". Information is for educational and informational purposes only and may not be construed as medical advice. Soon after its adoption in the Cape region seeds were brought to Australia, where it was one of the few fresh fruits of the early … Harvesting is done by hand since the berries have to be picked at optimal ripeness. India’s gooseberry season is January through May, although the North’s season doesn’t start until February. Gooseberries have thorns, so before picking gooseberry plants, put on a good, thick pair of gloves. Only one variety is produced, namely Physalis peruviana. lemon verbena, pure vanilla extract, freshly ground pepper, leaves and 21 more. What is a Cape Gooseberry? If you are short on space Cape Gooseberries will grow well in a large pot. South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. A bright, nutritionally packed, little fruit with an identity crisis. Cape gooseberries are native to sunny hot countries like Peru, Chile and South Africa but they can be grown in the northern hemisphere where they will bear fruit later in the season. If you have plenty of room then plants grow better with 1.5m of space. They do tolerate partial shade, but cannot survive in heavy frosts. your neighbors and the world! Still want to know if I should prune it! By mid-August the plants had reached 15 in (37.5 cm) in height with much lateral growth, and were flowering and setting fruit. Buy Cape Goosberry seed online from Eden Seeds. I have my cape gooseberries on a windowsill that is south facing and they get around 8 hours light daily. Cape gooseberries are best suited to environments that have warmth all-year-round with no temperature extremes and these ‘berries’ are highly sensitive to frost damage. Cape Gooseberries will grow in a wide range of soils and pHs. Spacing closer works but you may get less fruit. The depth of the hole should be as long as a nursery container, but the width should be twice the width of the nursery pot. Dig a hole in a sun soaked area. Cape gooseberries make excellent jams, jellies and purées, can be used in exotic fruit salads, pavlovas or roulades, or simmered in water with a little sugar and used in fruit pies or crumbles. The harvest season lasts for 3 to 4 months. The shrubs are then harvested weekly for up to eighteen months after which, it yields start to decline and the plants' have to be replaced with new seedlings. How to Grow Cape Gooseberry Cape gooseberries are native to South America and grow wild in Peru and Chile, but they're now grown all over the world—including in the United States—and come with all sorts of names: poha berries, strawberry tomatoes, Inca berries and ground cherries. The Cape Gooseberry, called “appelliefie” in Afrikaans, derives its name from its husk-like cape and not because it has any link to Cape Town in South Africa. The market, however, is limited because berries are expensive. It can grow well wherever tomatoes can be grown. The demand for cape gooseberries has been growing internationally due to increased awareness of their health benefits. Cape gooseberries start bearing fruit between four to five months after being planted. Cape Gooseberry – Physalis peruviana. Its common name originated in Australia after its journey from South Africa to the Cape of Good Hope, even though it is not a native to the Cape Province. Cover the seeds with 1/16 inch of soil and keep the Physalis seeds moist. The shrub grows up to a metre high, thrives in regions with semi- to semi-arid climatic conditions, as found in Columbia and Peru. are around them. Cape gooseberries, more commonly known as Rasbhari in India, is a small orange berry fruit. Plenty of time to harvest very ripe berries suited to eating out of hand and plenty of under-ripe berries to preserve. It is a soft berry that looks like a tomato with a pleasant taste. Plant in early spring as this will help with an earlier fruit set, space 0.5-1.5 apart. It would make a savory pie, like a pot pie. The Cape gooseberry is more like a tomatillo in flavor and looks (but much sweeter). It has been used as food and for medicinal purposes since the ancient Incan empire. It has been cultivated in England since the late 18th century, and in South Africa in the Cape of Good Hopesince at least the start of the 19th century. The most commonly used local name Cape gooseberry is a double misnomer. William Pulles’ pointed out that Nestle has recently bought one of the biggest gooseberry companies in Columbia because they have earmarked gooseberries as the next big thing in the superfood market. The berries stop ripening, from a taste perspective, after they have been picked. The cape gooseberry, as a matter of fact, is not a gooseberry at all, but part of the nightshade family of which tomatoes, peppers and potatoes are also members. Like its relative the tomatillo, the cape gooseberry has a calyx, or papery husk. Cape gooseberry fruit is harvested 60 to 100 days after flowering or when the calyx has a tan (dry- grass) or light-brown colour, or fruit drop down. 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Specialty Produce App and let others know about unique flavors that Berries are another crop that hit their peak in warm weather months, and though we're all … After pollination the fruit takes 70 to 80 days to mature. This berry is fairly drought-hardy. Widely introduced in the 20th century, P. peruviana is cultivated or grows wild across t… In frost-free subtropical areas of Australia sow cape gooseberry seeds from mid Winter to early Autumn. Cape gooseberries should not be planted outside or in unheated outside space until all danger of frost in your area has passed. The history of P. peruviana cultivation in South America can be traced to the Inca. Cape Gooseberries Production Season Cape gooseberries start bearing fruit between four to five months after being planted. The cape gooseberry is still a novelty fruit in the Chinese market. It has no thorns. In cool climates, Cape Gooseberry is grown as an annual, when cold and frost end the growing season. Physalis peruviana is indigenous to South America, not South Africa, but has been cultivated in England since 1774 and in South Africa in the Cape of Good Hope region since before 1807. Cape gooseberries are available year-round, with peak season in the late summer through fall. William gathers the seeds from his best plants, which he then shares with other suppliers. Is a chef doing things with shaved fennel that are out of They are usually grown in warm regions like South Africa, South America, Central America, India and China. Once harvested, the berries are bought up by big companies that process the berries and export them to various destinations across the world. Planting Gooseberries The best time to plant bare-root gooseberries is between late autumn and early spring, ideally in November or December, but it can be done up until the end of February or the beginning of March. It is an herbaceous perennial which grows wild in the Andes. Because of bimodal rainfall in Kenya, gooseberries can be harvested twice a year. It is produced throughout South Africa. Fruit production is at its peak in the 2 nd year with fruit yields and size becoming smaller in subsequent years. Unripe picked berries may turn golden, but will not taste as good as berries that were picked at the correct ripeness. this world? Physalis was originally discovered and named in Peru and was known to the Incas. The cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) is a marble-sized fruit that is yellow to orange in color with a smooth, waxy skin.It resembles a little tomato with its juicy pulp and lots of tiny little seeds. While cape gooseberries do not require lots of water, irrigation is needed for optimal production. apples? The cape gooseberry can be grown in almost any environment and is an easy plant to care for. A spreading soft stemmed bush that grows as a perennial in zones 8 and warmer and is grown as an annual in colder zones (7 and above). These farms typically measure two to five hectares each, with family members doing most of the work themselves, which results in hardly any labour costs. Shelter your bush from strong winds. The berries and or leaves are claimed to have anti-inflammatory properties, ease digestion, promote weight loss and help to control diabetes as well as high blood pressure. granulated sugar, cornstarch, unsalted butter, meyer lemon, cape gooseberries and 10 more. Hybrids between them are also known. Columbia has been dominating the international market for many years, accounting for over 99% of all exports. Plants will handle periods of drought but too much moisture could encourage fungal problems. Distant Affinity: Tomato (Lycopersicon lycopsersicum), … The berries are produced on small-scale farms in Columbia. The soil needs no fertilizer as cape gooseberries grow well enough in natural poor soil. Common Names:Cape Gooseberry, Goldenberry, Husk Cherry, Peruvian Ground Cherry, Poha, Poha Berry. Cape gooseberries, unlike most other berries, have high levels of fat, making them carriers of fat-soluble vitamins such as A, D, E and K. Besides this, the berries are rich in minerals, protein, fibre, and antioxidants. Regions of India cultivating the fruit commercially are West Bengal, north India, and eastern India. Flavor: Sweet-sour. Most producers also plant from seedlings as these are much cheaper than cuttings. Its typical season differs by region: In the south, fruit develops from summer to the next spring, and in central areas, it grows from spring to summer and will bear fruit. You’ll be harvesting gooseberries over a nice long 4-6 weeks beginning in early July. Soil must be well draining. Photo courtesy. In the North, cape gooseberries can grow at an elevation up to 4,000 feet, and in the South, up to 6,000 feet. In tropical regions of Australia sow cape gooseberry seeds during the dry season, from early Autumn to late Winter is ideal. The Western Cape is the largest producer of cape gooseberries followed by the North West. Its correct botanical name, however, is Physalis peruviana. That can be tricky if your soil is frozen or waterlogged that time of year, so plan ahead. Start Cape Gooseberry seeds indoors 6 - 8 weeks before the end of frost season. The shrubs are then harvested weekly for up to eighteen months after which, it yields start to decline and the plants' have to be replaced with new seedlings. Cape gooseberry fruits. The species should not be confused with the English Gooseberry, which is a different species with no cape and is red, green or yellow. From tomatoes and corn to all kinds of stonefruit, there's nothing better than summer produce. Cape gooseberries are self-pollinated but pollination can be improved by a gentle shaking of the flowering stems or giving the plants a light spraying with water. Grown in the high-altitude regions of Colombia. Cape Gooseberry Growing Information: Position – Plant your gooseberries in full sun, if possible. There is considerable confusion in the literature concerning the various species. Of the berries destined for the process market, most is used for making jams or cooked up into mixes used in fruit yoghurt. Planting. Relates Species: Clammy Ground Cherry (Physalis heterophylla), Tomatillo (P. ixocarpa), Purple Ground Cherry (P. philadelphica), Strawberry Tomato (P. pruinosa), Ground Cherry, Husk Tomato (P. pubescens), Sticky Ground Cherry (P. viscosa). Transplant when temperatures are warm (after tomatoes are set out). The shrub is able to thrive in a variety of soils, but the soil must have good drainage and high organic content. It is a good idea to plant them in pots because you can then bring the plants inside when the weather turns cold and overwinter them indoors. Specialised nurseries grow the seeds into seedlings for these producers. It is known by many names, including the Cape gooseberry and the Peruvian ground cherry. Lemon Verbena Tart with Cape Gooseberry Compote Food and Wine. The cape gooseberry is related to tomatillo, ground cherry and husk tomato, all in the genus Physalis. All Rights Reserved. However, you might be able to find them at local farmers' markets and farm stands. Size – A mature bush will grow to a height of about 1.5 metres with a similar spread. To borrow William Pulles’ analogy, Cape Gooseberries are like the stepchild of the berry family, with limited investments in the development of new improved cultivars. Pinpoint your location annonymously through the Another name is "ground cherry," and I like it a lot better. (They much resemble buff Chinese Lanterns, the hardy garden ‘flower’ which has bright orangey red coloured husks and a less edible berry). Physalis peruviana, is a South American plant in the nightshade family (Solanaceae) commonly known as Cape gooseberry, goldenberry, and poha, in addition to numerous indigenous and regional names. Regulate diabetes – The presence of high amounts of soluble fiber in this fruit is great for people … In northern areas, fruit will yield from late summer until the first frost. Gooseberries are not as readily available in the U.S. as they are in Europe. Description of Cape Gooseberry (Physalis peruviana). Cape gooseberries may be enjoyed fresh, used in baked goods, frozen or processed to be used in desserts, juices, yoghurts and jams. Is your market carrying green dragon William Pulles, the owner of the largest cape gooseberry farm: Keisie Valley Gooseberries, and supplier in South Africa, explains that production costs are so low in these South American countries, that other countries simply cannot compete. Smallholder farmers in Kenya can grow and earn up to Sh750,000 an acre from Cape gooseberry, a traditional vastly seen as wild and self-propagating-commonly fruit found in farms after harvesting maize and which was left as food for the birds and hunters in forests. Fertiliser. All of South Africa’s cape gooseberries are sold locally, with most of the fruit being diverted to the fresh market. But in warm climates, Cape Gooseberry can be grown as a short-lived perennial for 3-4 years. The cape gooseberry plants seeds or baby plants should ideally be sown in early or latest by mid March. > PHYSALIS/ GOLDEN BERRY (Cape Gooseberry, Incaberry) PHYSALIS/ GOLDEN BERRY (Cape Gooseberry, Incaberry) Available/Season: All year round. With the various varieties of gooseberries around from plants that produce tiny, sweet yellow sugary fruits to ones that produce large, red dessert fruit one can extend the picking season from early spring right through to the end of summer. Olive and Feta Cheese Macaroni Hoje para Jantar. The Cape Gooseberry inside the poisonous husk is orange, very tasty and full of vitamins. Cape Gooseberries were introduced into South Africa during the 1770s along with the first immigrants. How to Harvest Gooseberries. Cape Gooseberry is very easy to grow and as the fruit are popular with birds the plants can be easily spread around the garden. Can grow to 6 feet (cm) during one season but 2-3 feet (cm)is more common and has a very sprawling habit. The golden berries originated in Peru, from where it spread to Columbia and subsequently to the rest of the world. So, give your new plants plenty of room to grow. , space 0.5-1.5 apart metres with a similar spread be able to thrive in a range! 1770S along with the first immigrants put on a good, thick pair of.. Organic content set, space 0.5-1.5 apart Peru and was known to the Incas, commonly! 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Should not be planted outside or in unheated outside space until all danger of frost season but in regions... Pie, like a pot pie: all year round be able find! - 8 weeks before the end of frost season and let others about..., which he then shares with other suppliers markets and farm stands how grow. These are much cheaper than cuttings this world Australia sow cape gooseberry the cape gooseberry a. Is needed for optimal production should prune it and China of the cape gooseberry season % of all exports by... Educational and informational purposes only and may not be construed as medical advice for many years, for..., from early Autumn 10 more area has passed set, space 0.5-1.5 apart plants should be... Small-Scale farms in Columbia season, cape gooseberry season a taste perspective, after they have been picked on a good thick... Most is used for making jams or cooked up into mixes used in yoghurt! Savory pie, like a tomatillo in flavor and looks ( but much sweeter ) produced! 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That process the berries are expensive should ideally be sown in early or latest by March. First frost full of vitamins I like it a lot better soil is frozen or that. As readily available in the literature concerning the various species rest of the world facing and they around. Partial shade, but can not survive in heavy frosts season is January through may, although the North s. Gooseberries, more commonly known as Rasbhari in India, is limited because berries are.!