Start studying Unit 4: A legacy of Colonialism in Latin America. Ex-Stendahl Collection, Benson Latin American Collection. As with everything else in existence, colonialism in Latin America also has a shining head and a vile tail. First: Who was your colonizer? Some effects of colonization in Latin America include: (1) Rapid spread of Christianity in the region; this replaced traditional religions (2) Introduction of European languages (mainly Spanish, Portuguese, English, Dutch and French) (3) Eradication of millions of natives as a result of diseases introduced by Europeans Every society has a history that will shape the present and future circumstances of its people and development. Most people from Africa, Asia and South America, live in the aftermath of colonialism, while others, for example the Indigenous Peoples of North America, Australia, New Zealand, Latin and Central America still live in colonial bondage. Reallocating resources from a big closed economy, the colonial empire, to small and, often, open economies such as the new republics implied a non negligible cost. Fragment of the Tlaxcala Canvas, Native Kingdom of Tlaxcala, circa 1530–1540. Colonialism had economic, social, and political impacts on both nations. Description. The Church controlled all aspects of life from birth, through marriage, until death. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest. While New England had small family farms, the southern colonies had large plantations that required slave labor. Countries such as Spain, France and Portugal colonized the region. 4. paribus, added to Latin American GDP. I am not an expert and this really is more personal observation than PhD level study. Along the New England coast between 1616 and 1618, epidemics claimed the lives of 75 percent of the native people. Meanwhile, neocolonial domination by the United States and the European colonial powers became the norm in Africa and South and Southeast Asia following World War II (see “Neocolonialism in Africa and Asia” 9/11/2013). in the consequences of colonization in human history. Spain’s original goal was to come to Latin America to create wealth and spread Christianity to the people. Start studying UNIT 3: A Legacy of Colonialism: Latin America - 6th Grade. Lasting effects of Spanish conquest in Latin America included the decimation of native populations and suppression of their languages, histories and cultures. The effects of colonialism should not be brushed aside or dismissed as insignificance because it is still important to how many nations handle their domestic and international policy today. Colonization resulted in the extinction of the vast majority of Native American languages in Latin America. Perched on the tail like a goading vulture sits oppression, slavery, and disease. Microbes to which native inhabitants had no immunity led to death everywhere Europeans settled. According to the new estimations by Bolt/Bezemer (2009), ‘colonial human capital’ is the most important colonialism-related determinant of long-term growth in sub-Sahara Africa. The Catholic Church was undoubtedly the single most important institution in colonial Latin America. Colonialism and its Social and Cultural Consequences in the Caribbean - Volume 15 Issue 2 Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. The changes were both negative and positive. In terms of the economic impact, both nations reversed the economic model. The negative social and economic effects of colonialism in Latin America. The idea of development is a way for rich countries to control and exploit the poor” (Silver, 2015). Society and culture in colonial America (1565-1776) varied widely among ethnic and social groups, and from colony to colony, but was mostly centered around agriculture as it was the primary venture in most regions. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND OR SOCIAL EFFECTS HAS THE COLONIZATION IN LATIN AMERICA AND COLOMBIA 5 - The Demographic Impact of Colonization. However, the positive contributions of colonialism, the introduction of modern technology, democracy, and Christianity, greatly outweigh its cons. Many authors see the investment in the education and health sectors as the most positive impact of colonialism. 3: a Legacy of colonialism in both Africa and Latin America also has a shining head a. 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