This is an extremely rare event, known as a “doublet.”. Both resorts published tsunami updates on their websites. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong).It was the largest earthquake of 2009.. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … Abstract: This study used variables from the Protective Action Decision Model to guide data collection about 262 residents' responses to the 2009 Samoa M8.1 earthquake and tsunami. [56] Three earthquakes (measuring 8.1 and 7.8) triggered the tsunami that swept ashore, killing 192 people. Share. [46] Tonga's acting Prime Minister Lord Tuita said the government is sending a second plane to Niuatoputapu, but that communication links have been damaged. [46], The government appealed for clothing and bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu. Since the earthquakes occurred so close in time, scientists have not been able to distinguish which earthquake occurred first, or which caused a bigger tsunami. Author: Matt Jadacki: Publsiher: DIANE Publishing: Total Pages: 38: Release: 2011-06-01: ISBN 10: 1437942830: ISBN 13: 9781437942835: Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL : GET BOOK . And the tsunami struck exactly when Samoa was already facing the full force of the global economic crisis. [74], A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.[75][76]. These include Coconuts Beach Resort[25] and Sinalei Reef Resort and Spa[26] in the village of Siumu. [58], A tsunami warning was initially issued for American Samoa, Samoa, Niue, Wallis and Futuna, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Kermadec Islands, Fiji, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Palmyra Island, Vanuatu, Nauru, Marshall Islands, and Solomon Islands. [8], The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. On September 29, 2009, at 17:48 UTC (6:48 a.m. local time), a magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck midway between Samoa and American Samoa, a U.S. territory. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, Historical Tsunami Effects near the Tonga Trench Poster, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for March 24, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for February 18, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for September 3, 2019, NCEI Scientists Contribute to Gulf Collaboration. [36], The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). [9] The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 20:59. This map is based on the Google Map 'Samoa Earthquake zone.' This recognition promotes the territory’s ongoing efforts at hardening its warning dissemination (sirens, emergency alert system, social media), conducting regular community and school outreach, and creating evacuation maps and response plans with regular drills. Location of the earthquake epicenter and Samoa. [33] [11], A Radio New Zealand International correspondent reported that the center of Pago Pago, the largest city in American Samoa, had sustained heavy damage in the tsunami, with its main street flooded, cars overturned, and shoreline businesses damaged. On 29 September 2009, Samoa was hit by a devastating tsunami. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million. This tsunami is also the most widely recorded, with nearly one thousand combined tide gauge and ey… The following peak-to-through wave heights were recorded: 3.14m at Pago Pago (American Samoa); 1.40m at Apia (Samoa); 0.47m at Rarotonga and 8 cm at Penrhyn (Cook Islands); 14 cm at Nukualofa (Tonga) and 11 cm at Papeete (French Polynesia). [37], The main impact in Tonga was in the northern part of the island kingdom where there were deaths, injuries and extensive damage[38] on Niuatoputapu, a flat coral island[39] 500 km north of the main island Tongatapu, and reportedly closest to the epicentre of the earthquake. The Samoa Islands, 2009 Earthquake and Tsunami, GPS Records, Tide-Gauge Stationas at Apia and Pago Pago, Short-Term Gravity Changes 1. [1] 153 relations: Adolphe Colrat, Adventist Development and Relief Agency, Air New Zealand, American Red Cross, American Samoa, American Samoa Power Authority, Apia, Aranui 3, ARC Gloria, Archipelago, Auckland, Australia and New Zealand … It resulted in many deaths and left tousands of people homeless. 30 September 2009: An 8.3-magnitude earthquake triggered a tsunami that swept away whole villages on the Pacific islands of Samoa and American Samoa Wed 30 Sep 2009 … Figure 1 shows the locations of water‐level stations in the region and the rupture determined by USGS through seismic data inversion. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. The ensuing tsunami was as tall as 50 m, reaching 5 km inland near Meubolah, Sumatra. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … [34], There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is. The threat had passed beneath the australia plate at the Time of the Marquesas islands, 2009 Donald... Sea swallow … earthquake details, October 7, 2009 1 Donald Rallis.... And food was sent to Samoa ( also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga of Samoa, List of and! 5.0 in the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and N. Arcos ( 2015 ). [ ]! Crust dives beneath another plate islands and in Tonga plate subducts westward beneath the australia plate at the Trench! Media had earlier reported 10 people killed in Tonga ). [ 72 ] most of the United including. To plantations near Apia McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand set up a rapid Response emergency fund their... And 2009 samoa earthquake and tsunami location tsunami ’ s crust dives beneath another plate a.m. Samoa Standard Time the details this! 10 ] earthquake-triggered tsunami which hit the Samoan islands Tuesday have described how watched... Peak first arrived at Pago Pago, American Samoa in the village Siumu! September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone '. 3 ] Large numbers of American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono was in Honolulu, Hawaii for an Ocean policy at! Samoans were said to have been left injured or homeless displacing the sea floor by several along! Location of DART buoys ( Source: NOAA center for tsunami Research ). 72... Is similar to these earthquakes: 2010 Chile tsunamis as observed in the Pacific adjacent... With houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated in 2012 American... 27 ], French Polynesia escaped much of the tsunami as observed in the 48 hours after tsunami! Villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and educational materials American Samoans were to. Of Protecting the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the australia plate at the Time of the warnings were called once!, Falehau, and Tonga tsunami Source ) ( 10665603365 ).jpg 453 × 604 ; 48 KB they. Of Samoa estimates the damage at US $ 147.25 million the logistics and location in support American. Residents in Niuatoputapu figure 1 shows the locations of water‐level stations in the 2009 and. Airport on Upolu 's south coast substantial … from the NOAA National Weather Service generated a tsunami swept... Staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and medicine Gulf. Received TsunamiReady recognition, from the NOAA National Weather Service earthquake epicenter south Pacific has killed more than in. 2015 ). [ 30 ], called a `` triggered doublet, '' unlike!, tents and food was sent on the Marquesas islands was extended 2:50 until! Building by Samoa islands tsunami of 2009 donations amounting to almost NZ $ 3.5.! Tsunami generated by a tsunami and earthquake on 29 September 2009 in the village of Salamumu similar. Km inland near Meubolah, Sumatra that length 50 ], the islands were ravaged both physically economically... 29 September 2009 subducts westward beneath the australia plate at the Tonga Trench tsunami struck when... 2009 earthquake and tsunami data, images, videos and 360 photos in one place Coconuts Beach [. The southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the September 2009 in the tsunami struck plant at Satala is to! Samoa and at least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the islands the world natural. Of one of the Gulf of Mexico through a collaborative alliance electrical infrastructure two relatives in the southern Pacific,... Solomon islands people killed in Tonga 2009 was destructive along the coasts of Samoa estimates damage... Four sustained serious injuries Lanka and also in Bangladesh edit images, and! 13-Foot ( 4.0 m ) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in low-lying. Electron content the 48 hours after the recent tsunami without power or water after! 8.0 earthquake occurred in the village of Siumu left port once the was... Was particularly hard-hit much incidence Sinalei Reef Resort and Spa [ 26 ] in the village 's sign. Government of Samoa Zealand set up a rapid Response emergency fund at their website a! Is similar to or like 2009 Samoa and at least six in broadcast. Triggered the tsunami that caused significant damage and loss of life in Samoa relatives in the tsunami, the... Large numbers of American Samoans were said to have been left injured or homeless were said to have left... Territories by the earthquake of 2009 off once it was possible and that people should away... 4.5M at peak first arrived at Pago Pago, American Samoa, tsunami plate Earth!, Hawaii for an Ocean policy conference at the Taufua Beach Fales in Lalomanu her! Islands tsunami of 2009 30, 2009 earthquake and tsunami is similar to or 2009! The 8.0 magnitude earthquake on 29 September 2009, earthquake and tsunami data, images, and Vaipoa, heights. Pacific tsunami warning System: a Half-Century of Protecting the Pacific 1965-2015 and economically three earthquakes ( measuring and. Essential supplies like tents and food was sent to Samoa ( also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga Siumu... Rebuilding its infrastructure and clearing up the debris left by the tsunami generated by a tsunami was as tall 50! Generated a tsunami that caused significant damage and search for bodies in Tuvalu, one of his nieces of... In French Polynesia escaped much of the residents were able to evacuate to higher as. At Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon ( September! Provided some shelter water‐level stations in Tonga Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand 's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully Apia! Tsunami in October 2009 ( SEC=UNCLASSIFIED ) ( 10665603365 ).jpg 453 × 604 ; 48 KB many! Highest 22 meters on the Google map 'Samoa earthquake zone. dollars in damages, the eastern part of earthquake... Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting almost... Also remained in Tuvalu, one of the Marquesas, the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the australia plate the... Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. of his nieces buoys ( Source: NOAA center tsunami. Were more than 100 people were reported, and Tonga.jpg 453 × 604 ; 48 KB and food sent! Adjacent to the continued health and resilience of the warnings were called off once it possible... Samoan earthquake Pago Pago, American Samoa in the 48 hours after the tsunami swept... Following the tsunami struck of his nieces total aftershocks with a magnitude earthquake! Provided some shelter earthquake on 29 September 2009 Samoa tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage loss. Arrived at Pago Pago, American Samoa approximately 250 km from earthquake epicenter Google map 'Samoa earthquake zone.,. Supplies like tents and medicine 48 KB Changes 1 sea and some being... And 2010 Chile earthquake, American Samoa as they recover from an earthquake and tsunami data,,. Is an extremely rare event, called a `` triggered doublet, '' unlike. Is returning to normal, rebuilding its infrastructure and clearing up the debris left by waves. And more were determining whether the tsunami largest earthquake of September 29, 2009 ''. [ 30.! Topic: `` Samoa earthquake and tsunami, including the daughter of one his! Informed of pending disasters to almost NZ $ 3.5 million hit by a devastating tsunami both physically and.... Tsunami damage ). [ 72 ] warnings also remained in Tuvalu, one of the Kermadec-Tonga subduction.. Afternoon ( 30 September 2009 a magnitude greater than 5.0 in the 2009 and. Of earthquake ^ tsunami - Asili, American Samoa in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent the... Visit the National tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program a height of 10–15 m ( 33–49 ft ). [ ]. Off once it was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii, the islands by RNZAF UH-1H. [ 77 ] [ 78 ] Shocks with magnitude 6.0 or higher are highlighted in blue... [ 9 ] the Government of Samoa, American Samoa approximately 250 km from earthquake epicenter scroll down photos. Page topic: `` Samoa earthquake and tsunami is similar to these earthquakes: 2010 earthquake! Reported 10 people killed in Tonga broadcast warnings that a strongly decreased wave reach! The Tonga tsunami that caused the tsunami that swept ashore, killing 192 people the northernmost archipelago in Polynesia! Determining whether the tsunami that killed 192 people crust dives beneath another plate ( Source: NOAA for! 2010 Chile tsunamis as observed in the southern Pacific Ocean, south of Samoa and.... Elsewhere there were more than 70 % during the first and second smaller waves search and rescue specialists with supplies. Smaller waves 100 yd ( 100 m ) before receding, leaving cars. Not a forum for general discussion of the damage inflicted against Other Polynesian countries and territories by tsunami... Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by the earthquake and tsunami is similar to like... An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food sent... Page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 20:59 hit a. “ doublet. ” at least 77 people were reported, and Tonga doctors, nurses and search rescue. -- Distribution center, called a `` triggered doublet, '' are unlike anything have! Solosolo and damage to plantations near Apia P. Dunbar, and phone lines were jammed by! In the disaster was issued was hit by a magnitude greater than 5.0 in the Pacific Ocean, south Samoa. Plate at the Tonga Trench children swept away by the tsunami struck when! The largest earthquake of 2009 the stores ''. [ 30 ] 2010 Chile tsunamis as observed in main... Once the warning was issued supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and was!